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Atrial Fibrillation Linked to Dementia, Especially When Diagnosed Before Age 65 Years Adults with atrial fibrillation (AF) are at increased risk for dementia, especially when AF occurs before age 65 years, new research shows. Investigators note the findings highlight the importance of monitoring cognitive function in adults with AF.



AF Tied to 45% Increase in Mild Cognitive Impairment Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with a 45% increased risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), an outcome that's linked to cardiovascular risk factors and multi-comorbidity, results of a new study suggest.



COVID Coronary Plaque Infection Confirms CV Risk New evidence shows for the first time that the virus that causes COVID directly infects atherosclerotic plaques in the coronary arteries, producing a persistent inflammatory response. The findings may not only explain the link between COVID and the increased risk of cardiovascular events but mark a starting point for new therapeutic approaches.



CKD Linked to Cardiac Arrest in Hispanic, Latinx Patients Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the strongest predictor of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) in a population of Hispanic and Latinx patients, new data show, suggesting early identification of CKD may provide an opportunity to reduce the risk in these groups. Other predictors included heavy drinking, atrial fibrillation, coronary artery disease, heart failure and diabetes.



Ambient air pollution and maternal cardiovascular health in pregnancy Women represent a potentially susceptible group due to the delicate balance of the feto-placental circulation, rapid fetal development and tremendous physiological adaptations to the maternal cardiorespiratory system during pregnancy.



New TAVR System Promising in Pure Aortic Regurgitation Implantation of a specially designed transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) system is feasible and safe in patients with pure aortic regurgitation (AR), with no deaths and only one person needing a permanent pacemaker, a pilot first-in-human study shows.



Spreading Out Daily Meals and Snacks May Boost Heart Failure Survival Patients with heart failure (HF) who spread out the time between their first and last meal or snack of the day, regardless of daily caloric intake, may benefit with reduced risk for cardiovascular (CV) death, an observational study suggests.



Heart failure management in adults with congenital heart disease: are we on the ‘right path’? In recent years, surgical advances in the treatment of congenital heart disease (CHD) ensured a huge survival benefit. Therefore, the ageing population of adults with CHD is now frequently exposed to the long-term complications of living a long life with a deranged haemodynamics. Some groups of CHD constitute unique pathophysiological conditions, being predisposed to a wide array of undesired events in the long-term.



Transcatheter aortic valve intervention in patients with cancer The prevalence of concurrent cancer and severe aortic stenosis (AS) is increasing due to an ageing population. In addition to shared traditional risk factors for AS and cancer, patients with cancer may be at increased risk for AS due to off-target effects of cancer-related therapy, such as mediastinal radiation therapy (XRT), as well as shared non-traditional pathophysiological mechanisms.



Why Don't More Women Participate in Cardiac Rehabilitation? The biggest barrier to enrollment and participation in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) among women globally is lack of awareness, an international cross-sectional study suggests.


AHA Flags Barriers to Women in Interventional Specialties
AHA Flags Barriers to Women in Interventional Specialties A new scientific statement from the American Heart Association (AHA) addresses barriers to entry and retention of women in interventional vascular fields, including interventional cardiology, interventional radiology, and vascular surgery, and proposes potential solutions.


New Marker of Cardiovascular Risk Discovered in T2D
New Marker of Cardiovascular Risk Discovered in T2D A significant quantity of dysfunctional monocytes appears to indicate poor cardiovascular prognosis in patients with type 2 diabetes.


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FDA Okays First Extravascular ICD System
FDA Okays First Extravascular ICD System The US Food and Drug Administration has approved Medtronic's novel "extravascular" implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (Aurora EV-ICD) system, which uses a single lead implanted substernally to allow anti-tachycardia pacing and low-energy defibrillation while avoiding the vascular space for lead placement.


New Tool to Guide Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
New Tool to Guide Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Researchers developed TJ-ICE–guided TAVR to facilitate implanting a heart valve at an optimal depth, guided by direct visualization of the membranous septum (MS) during the procedure.


Redefining CVD Risk: Cardiovascular-Kidney-Metabolic (CKM) Syndrome
Redefining CVD Risk: Cardiovascular-Kidney-Metabolic (CKM) Syndrome Citing the strong overlap between heart disease, kidney disease, type 2 diabetes, and obesity, the American Heart Association (AHA) has for the first time formally defined what they are calling cardiovascular-kidney-metabolic (CKM) syndrome.


ACP Revises Standard on Cardiorespiratory Death Determination
ACP Revises Standard on Cardiorespiratory Death Determination The American College of Physicians (ACP) has issued a new position paper on determination of death that includes a clarification to the 1981 Uniform Determination of Death Act (UDDA), but otherwise reaffirms the current standards.


AHA Updates CPR Guidelines on Cardiac Arrest After Poisoning
AHA Updates CPR Guidelines on Cardiac Arrest After Poisoning The American Heart Association (AHA) has released a focused update on managing patients with cardiac arrest or life-threatening toxicity due to poisoning. The update reflects treatment advances and new knowledge, including the use of venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) for patients whose condition is refractory to poison antidotes and other therapies.


Nobel Prize Awarded to Covid Vaccine Pioneers
Nobel Prize Awarded to Covid Vaccine Pioneers The physiology or medicine prize for Katalin Karikó and Drew Weissman recognized work that led to the development of vaccines that were administered to billions around the world.


Main results of the 2023 European Society of Cardiology Congress
Main results of the 2023 European Society of Cardiology Congress The next annual Congress of the European Society of Cardiology was held in a hybrid format (onsite and online) from August 25 to 28, 2023 inAmsterdam (Netherlands). About 31,000 specialists from 150 countries took part in the event. Traditionally, the most anticipated events at the congress are the scientific HOT LINE sessions, where the results of the most important clinical trials are presented for the first time.clinical trials. This year, participants had the opportunity to learn about 29 specially selected randomised trials in 9 sessions over 4 days.


ESC Issues First Comprehensive Cardiomyopathy Guidelines
ESC Issues First Comprehensive Cardiomyopathy Guidelines The European Society of Cardiology has released new guidelines for cardiomyopathies, their first major comprehensive international guidelines to address diagnosis and treatment of the broad causes of heart muscle dysfunction.